Have you ever wondered what commonly used abbreviations mean?
What is “i.e.” and “e.g.”?
- i.e. is Latin for id est which means that is, namely, or in other words.
- e.g. is Latin for exempli gratia which means for example.
Stress= / (ictus) Unstressed= U (breve) or – (macron)
Iamb: one unstressed and one stressed syllable ( U / ) = iambic
Trochee: one stressed and one unstressed syllable ( / U ) = trochaic
Anapest: two unstressed and one stressed syllable ( U U / ) =anapestic
Dactyl: one stressed and two unstressed syllables ( / U U ) = dactylic
Spondee: two stressed syllable ( / / ) = spondaic
Disyllable Feet (2 syllables in each foot)
Trisyllable Feet (3 syllables in each foot)
1 foot= monometer
2 feet: dimeter
3 feet: trimeter
4 feet: tetrameter
5 feet: pentameter
6 feet: hexameter
7 feet: heptameter
8 feet: octameter
from “A Bird, came down the Walk”
u / u / u / u / (iambic trimeter)
Or Butterflies, off Banks of Noon
/ / u / u / (spondee, 2 iambs)
Leap, plashless as they swim. *plashless= splashless
excerpt from “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
/ u / u / u / u / u / u / u / u (trochaic octameter)
Once upon a midnight dreary while I pondered weak and weary.
T’was the night before Christmas and all through the house.
Practice with Mr. Cooney’s English Class.
Practice prosody (the patterns of sound and rhythm used in poetry) here.
Practice online with the University of Virginia’s interactive tutorial.
Caesura (II) is indicated with a double-pipe (II) and signals a brief pause outside of the metrical rhythm.
Walk, Kerry. “How to Write a Comparative Analysis.” The Writing Center at Harvard University. 1998. http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/how-write-comparative-analysis